- Identify Genre. Discuss type of story or passage. (Non-fiction, Realistic Fiction, Fantasy, Mystery, Historical Fiction, Science Fiction, Poetry, Folktale, Drama).
- Prior to reading and also throughout the reading make new predictions.
- Stop at certain points throughout the reading and ask Who, What, Where, When, Why and How Questions.
- Discuss Character's Thoughts, Actions, Words and Feelings (Character Analysis).
- Discuss the Theme of a story: The Message that can be taken from the story (ex. Think before you act, Stand up for what you believe in etc.)
- Discuss the mood of the story and how it changes throughout the story (ex. Gloomy to Hopeful).
- Discuss the author's purpose/point of view: His or her opinions and feelings will show through.
- Retell or Summarize the story in the proper sequence.
- Discuss the main idea of the passage or article.
- Make "think tracks" as you read. Have an inner conversation with yourself as you read. Take notes as you read, celebrate what you know, question what you don't know, circle vocabulary words, describe the mood and how it may change, tell how you feel about something that was stated etc.
- Make connections when you are reading (Text to Text, Text to Self, Text to World).
- Identify the Conflict (Problem) in the story (Man vs Man, Man vs Nature, Man vs Self, Man vs Society).
- When you come to an unknown word, use clues from the sentence of the unknown word or look for clues in the sentence before or after the unknown word. Students can often find an example, a synonym (word that means the same) or an antonym (opposite word) in the surrounding sentences that will help provide a clue.
Reading Fluency Strategies:
- Have the student practice reading the same short story several times.
- Read a sentence. Have the student repeat the same sentence. Gradually increase the number of sentences for student to repeat.
- Read together at the same time.
- Have the student listen to tape recorded stories.